Stinkbug


Description

I collaborated on this digital key while completing my undergraduate degree at University of Guelph (Uof G). In this dichotomous digital key, the Ontario stink bugs (Pentatomidae) and parent bugs (Acanthosomatidae) are reviewed. Photographic dichotomous keys are provided to the families of Canadian Pentatomoidea and the 56 species of Pentatomidae and Acanthosomatidae occurring in, or likely to occur in, Ontario. One species, Trichopepla atricornis Stål, is recorded from Ontario for the first time.

The purpose is to provide a visual tool to allow easy identification between  pest an beneficial species of Pentaomidae and Acanthosomatidae. With this tool, proper pest management measures can be taken.

This project is cited as:

Paiero, S.M., Marshall, S.A., McPherson, J.E., Ma, M.-S. 2013. Stink bugs (Pentatomidae) and parent bugs (Acanthosomatidae) of Ontario and adjacent areas: A key to species and a review of the fauna. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 24, 1 September, 2013. Available online at http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/bsc/ejournal/pmmm_24.html http://dx.doi.org/10.3752/cjai.2013.24

Intended Audience

Ontario farmers, general audience, entomologists

Medium

Adobe Photoshop CS6, Microsoft PowerPoint

Intended Format

Web


Process Work

The first step to constructing this key was to research existing keys and utlize pinned specimens from the University of Guelph (UofG) insect collection to select and illustrate characters that clearly define families and species within Pentaomidae and Acanthosomatidae for the digital key.

High-resolution images of pinned insects from the U of G insect collection (taken on the Microptics system) and live images taken by Dr. Steve Marshall and collaborators were used to clearly highlight important characters used for identification.
Prentomid_process

Microsoft PowerPoint was used to organize images and text because it was a tool that was comfortable amongst multiple researchers and collaborators involved.

Dichotomous Key_PowerPoint

The finalized digital key was then exported to HTML5 and was published in the Journal of Athropod Idenficiation.

pentatomid


References

Fogain, R., and S. Graff. 2011. First records of the invasive pest, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in Ontario and Quebec. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 142: 45-48.

Froeschner, R.C. 1988. Family Pentatomidae Leach, 1815. The stink bugs. Pp. 544-597 in T. J. Henry and R. C. Froeschner [eds.], Catalog of the Heteroptera, or true bugs, of Canada and the continental United States. E.J. Brill, New York. 958 pp.

Henry, T.J., and R.C. Froeschner. 1992. Corrections and additions to the “Catalog of the Heteroptera, or true bugs, of Canada and the continental United States”. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 94: 263-272.

Hoebeke, E.R., and M.E. Carter. 2003. Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): A polyphagous plant pest from Asia newly detected in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 105: 225-237.

Hoffman, R.L. 2005. The Virginia species of Banasa, three decades later (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Banisteria, 25: 41-44.
Jones, W.A., Jr., and J.E. McPherson. 1980. The first report of the occurrence of acanthosomatids in South Carolina. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society, 15: 286-289.

Larivière, M.-C. 1992. Description of Parabrochymena, new genus, and redefinition and review of Brochymena Amyot and Audinet-Serville (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), with considerations on natural history, chorological affinities, and evolutionary relation­ships. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, no. 163. 75 pp.

McDonald, F.J.D. 1986. Revision of Cosmopepla Stål (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 94: 1-15.

Maw, H.E.L., R.G. Foottit, K.G.A. Hamilton, and G.G.E. Scudder. 2000. Checklist of the Hemiptera of Canada and Alaska. NRC Research Press. 220 pp.

McPherson, J.E. 1982. The Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera) of northeastern North America, with emphasis on the fauna of Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press. 240 pp.

Nichols, S. W., and R. T. Schuh. 1989. The Torre-Bueno glossary of entomology (Revised Edition). New York Entomological Society & American Museum of Natural History. 840 pp.

Nielsen, A.L., and G.C. Hamilton. 2009. Life history of the invasive species Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in northeastern United States. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 102: 608-616.

Packauskas, R. 2012. The Pentatomidae, or stink bugs, of Kansas with a key to species (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 210-219.

Paiero, S.M., S. A. Marshall and K.G.A. Hamilton. 2003. New records of Hemiptera from Canada and Ontario. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 134 (published 2004): 115-129.

Rider, D.A. 2012. The Heteroptera (Hemiptera) of North Dakota I: Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 312-380.

Rider, D.A., and J.B. Chapin. 1992. Revision of the Genus Thyanta Stål, 1862 (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) II. North America, Central America and the West Indies. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 100: 42-98.

Rider, D.A., and L.H. Rolston. 1995. Nomenclatural changes in the Pentatomidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 97: 845-855.

Scudder, G.G.E. 1997. The true bugs (Heteroptera) of the Yukon. Pp. 241–336 in H.V. Danks and J.A. Downes (eds.), Insects of the Yukon. Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods), Ottawa. 1034 pp.

Sites, R. W., K. B. Simpson, and D. L. Wood. 2012. The stink bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of Missouri. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 134-163.

Swanson, D. R. 2012. An updated synopsis of the Pentatomoidea (Heteroptera) of Michigan. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 263-311.

Thomas, D. B., Jr. 1992. Taxonomic synopsis of the asopine Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) of the Western Hemisphere. Thomas Say Foundation Monograph. iv +156 pp.

Thomas, D.B. 2012. Mcphersonarcys, a new genus for Pentatoma aequalis Say (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 127-133.

Thomas, D.B., and Brailovsky, H. 1999. Review of the genus Dendrocoris Bergroth with descriptions of new species (Pentatomidae: Heteroptera). Insecta Mundi, 13: 1-9.

Zack, R. S., P. J. Landolt, and J. E. Munyaneza. 2012. The stink bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) of Washington state. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 45: 251-262.